i) Women empowerment is basically the creation of an environment where women can make independent decisions on their personal development as well as shine as equal in society.
ii) Pakistan considered as one of the worst countries for women.
2. A retrospective view of women empowerment and challenges in Pakistan with a phallocentric social fabric.
i) Women victim of controversial Hudood Ordinance.
ii) Women education and health generally neglected in past years.
3. Steps were taken by women empowerment in recent years
I. Steps were taken by Govt. in Pakistan
a. Present government being a state party to the convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women (CEDAW) leading the government to take measures to ensure women’s rights as envisaged in CEDAW.
b. 26 Shaheed Benazir Bhutto centers established during (2008-2013) for women for immediate relief to female victims of violence.
c. Around 1 million women could receive direct assistance from BISP.
d. Women in Distress and Detention Fund Act 2011 promulgated to provide financial and legal assistance to deserving women.
e. Acid control and acid crime act and prevention of anti-women practices act.
f. Adoption of Protection against Harassment of Women at Workplace Act 2010.
g. The cabinet approved reservation of 10% quota for women in CSS during
h. In 2006 Pakistan parliament passed the Women’s Protection Bill repealing some of the Hudood Ordinance.
II. Steps were taken by the non-Government organization for women empowerment
a. Women chamber of commerce and industries
b. All Pakistan women association (APWA)
c. Smile Again Foundation by Musarat Misbah
4. Impacts of appropriate women empowerment in Pakistan
i) Low Female literacy rate; only 40% of them are literate
ii) Crimes like harassment, abduction, honor killing taking place regularly.
6. Comparison between Pakistan and other countries
Ø Women empowerment in India
I. UNDP says “India missed the 2005 deadline of eliminating gender disparity in primary and secondary education. However, hastened program and gender parity Index (GPI) for general in primary and secondary education has risen.
II. Ministry for women & Child development in (2006) given the status of a ministry with the power to formulate policies.
III. This ministry is implementing Swayamsidha program for women empowerment.
IV. National Commission for women
V. MDGs say “Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by
2005 and in all levels of education by no later than 2015”
5. Women Empowerment and its impacts on Pakistani society:
I. Economic and Financial empowerment
a. Increase in the workforce in the form of educated female workers
b. Reduced Poverty owing to better contribution by females in society
c. Establishing industry through female business person
d. Increase in family earnings and health facilities for women
II. Social empowerment
a. Better education for the next generation by educated mothers
b. Discourages crime by enlightening half of population i.e. women
c. Better living standards and conducive environment at the workplace.
III. Political empowerment
a. Proper representation of the women ensuring appropriate policy making for women
b. Better solution to issues relating to women and better representation on the national level.
7. Recommendation for women empowerment in Pakistan:
I. Awareness to the general public through media
II. Strict implementation related to women empowerment of law
III. Educating and empowering the neglected segment of society through education and general awareness.
IV. Checking the extremist bent of mind and trends set by religious fanatics and so-called flag bearers of Islam.
V. Ensuring immediate reaction against human rights violation of women.
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