An oncologist is a physician who holds specialization in diagnosing and treating the patients who are suffering from the deadly disease called cancer. They act as the primary health care providers for these types of issues. As per the study, around 1.8 million new cancer cases are diagnosed every day. It is one of the major diseases that lead to a rise in the mortality rate. The people who are suffering from cancer have to consult and follow the treatment of healthcare professionals like nurses, pathologists, dietitians, and oncologists. Here are some other necessary aspects you should know about the oncologists.
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What can you expect from an Oncologist?
The person has to approach the oncologist once when the primary physician identifies cancer in his/her body. Several CT and MRI scans will confirm the signs of cancer. When you book an appointment, the oncologist will perform the physical exam through different tests like blood work, imaging tests, and biopsies. This will confirm the presence and determine the stage of cancer. When they are in the early stage, they perform surgery or radiation therapy. When the patient is in the advanced stage, they may need chemotherapy or other systemic treatments.
Different types of oncologists
There are different types of oncologists in India, and they will perform in their respective specializations.
Medical oncology: The medical oncologists are the specialist who will treat and manage cancer with several non-surgical methods like targeted therapy, chemotherapy, biological therapy, and hormone therapy. They usually act as the normal primary healthcare providers for treating cancer.
Surgical oncology: These are the specialists who are involved in diagnosing, managing, and treating cancer. They are the ones to diagnose and confirm cancer. Based on the complication of the disease, they will recommend further medical care.
Radiation oncology: They are specialists who deliver external and internal radiation therapy for the people who are affected by cancer. They deal with external radiation therapy where high photon beams are used to kill the cancer cells. Also, systematic treatments like swallowing, implanting or injecting the radioactive material like radioactive iodine.
Another specialist: if specific parts of the body get affected by cancer, and you need to choose them based on your health complications. This includes pediatric oncology, neuro-oncology, gynecologic oncology, geriatric oncology, gastrointestinal oncology, hematology-oncology, and musculoskeletal oncology.
The different medical condition Oncologist treat
The oncologist is the medical professionals who are efficient enough to treat all types of cancers. Some oncologists are specialized in some therapies. Some organ-specific cancer that the oncologist will deal with is,
- Bone cancer
- Blood cancer
- Breast cancer
- Brain cancer
- Cervical cancer
- Liver cancer
- Prostate cancer
- Testicular cancer
- Skin cancer
- Lung cancer
- Head and neck cancer
- Breast cancer
Wrapping it up
With the advancement in technology, there are solutions for the different kinds of medical issues you are suffering from. So, these are all the vital factors you should consider about the oncologist, and these will help you to choose the best surgical oncologist in India. Have the right medical assistance from the right professionals to have sound health.
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