QUAID’S CONCEPT OF STATE:
ISLAMIC OR SECULAR:
Some people claim that Quaid-e-Azam ideal was a modern national secular state. They base their claim on the report of the court of enquiry 1953. The enquiry wa presided over by C.J Mr.M.munir quotation from speeches of Jinnah reports says that the Quaid said, The state would be a modern democratic state with sovereignty vested in the people and the
members of the new nation would have equal rights of citizenship regardless of their religion caste or creed.
ISLAMIC STATE OR SECULAR STATE?
The Quaid’s speech of 11 august 1947 to the constituent assemble of Pakistan had led some people to argue that he was not in favor of the idea of an Islamic state.but a careful analysis of the same speech and his other utterance before and after partition convinces me that he had no objection to a state based on the broad principles of Islam.
PRESS TO CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY AUG 11,1947:
If we want to make Pakistan a happy and prosperous state, we should wholly and solely concentrate on the well being of the people and especially of the masses and the poor. If you will work in cooperation, forgetting the past, you are bound to succeed. if you change you past and work together in spirit that everyone of you, no matter to what community, he belongs,
no matter what relations he had with you in the past no matter what is his color, caste of creed, is first, last second in citizen of this state with equal rights, privileges and obligations, there will be no end to the progress you will make.
In fact Quaid wanted to establish an Islamic welfare state where no one is exploited. Where it is the duty of the state to see that none goes without food and clothes, and every individual is provided with all the basic necessities of life.
Moreover we have examples of holy prophet (P.B.U.H) forgiving his enemies who did not bereave him well in the past at the historic victory of Mecca.
THE VISION OF ISLAMIC STATE IN HIS SAYING:
Quaid-e-Azam always wanted Pakistan to be an Islamic state and did not want and other doctrine for state craft other than Islam.
1) Quaid’s concept of Islamic state:
During his visit to us mania university Hyderabad he delivered a lecture to the students: The concept of an Islamic state which should always be kept in mind is that in it one has to obey almighty Allah faithfully. This obedience id through the injections and principles of the holy Quran. In Islam sovereign powers are not vested in the person of king of parliament
of any particular person or institution. Quran has prescribed the limits of our political or social life. In other words Islamic government is the rule of the Quranic injunctions and principles. For establishing such a government a separate country or a state is must.
2) A non Islamic state:
Quaid was against the exploitation of the masses in the name of Islam. He believed that state which may allow the exploitation of the masses cannot be an Islamic state which addressing all India Muslim league in 1943 at Delhi he said:
Here i should like to give a warning to the landlords and capitalists who flourished at our expertise. The exploitation of the masses has gone into their blood. They have forgotten the teachings of Islam. It is there that we are not in power today. I have visited villages. There are millions and millions of people who hardly get one meal a day. If this is the idea if Pakistan. I would not have if.
Quaid was an anti imperialism democrat. He hated imperialism and he was one of those rare leaders who never made any compromise with Imperialism.
4) Islam as a code of life:
The Quaid had a clear concept of Islam as a code of life. During his interview with a journalist in 1943 he said:
Islam is not a mere religious doctrine but a realistic and practical code of conduct. In all things we are fundamentally different from Hindus. There is nothing in life which likes us together. Our name, our clothes, our foods, our economics life, our educational ideals all is different. We challenge each other at every point.
5) Real democratic popular government:
Before the establishment of Pakistan Quaid said:
“Pakistan is the Muslims demand for freedom because Muslims in Pakistan want to be able to set up their own real democratic popular governments”
6) Pakistan a Muslim state:
During his address to the last session of all India Muslim league in 1947, he said:
“Let it be clear that Pakistan is going to be a Muslim state based on Islamic ideals. The whole world, even UNO has characterized Pakistan as a Muslim state”.
7) Future constitution of Pakistan:
I do not know what the ultimate shape of this constitution is going to be, but i am sure that it will be of democratic type embodying the essential principles of Islam.(1048)
8) Economic system: anti-communism:
I warn the communities to keep their hands off the Muslims. Islam is their guide and complete code of life. They do not want any “ism”. The object of Islam is to establish a balanced economic order based on fundamental human rights.
9) Islamic democracy:
It is my belief that our salvation lies in following the golden rules of conduct set for us by our great law giver, the prophet (PBUH) of Islam. Let us lay the foundations of our democracy on the bases of truly Islamic ideals and principles.
Quaid understood Islam and wanted Pakistan to be a true Islamic state. He believed in Islamic democracy, social justice, equal right of citizens, and non- discriminatory treatments towards minority.
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