Title: Nuclear weapons are not only a great peril but also a great hope
1.1 Nuclear weapons are the weapons of mass destruction that engulf the whole region into fumes.
1.2 Nuclear weapons besides endangering human lives and infrastructures also give a hope for a country to survive through deterrence.
1.3 Historical overview of nuclear weapons as great peril
a) Mass destructions of cities in Japan, WWII. i.e; Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
b) Spreading of cancer diseases that continued for generations due to the radiations of nuclear weapons.
c) Explosion of nuclear reactors. i.e; Chernobyl incident, Fukushima incident – led thousands of people to evacuate from their places.
- Nuclear weapon – a threat to international tranquility
2.1 Threat to peace and security
2.1.1 Piling up of nuclear weapons by powerful countries to achieve their interests. i.e; THAAD system of US deployed in S. Korea angered China and N. Korea.
2.1.2 Piling up of nuclear weapons by countries due to insecurities. i.e; Israel, India, Pakistan, N. Korea.
2.1.3 Jeopardizing nuclear weapons due to the presence of banned militant organizations. i.e; IS, Taliban.
2.2 Threat to trade and economy
2.2.1 Deploying of nuclear weapons on sea and oceans jeopardizes trade. i.e; Intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBM) – K4 deployed by India in 2016 to jeopardize CPEC.
2.2.2 Competition of trade and economy among powerful countries led them to jeopardize poor countries. i.e; string of pearls by China leads to antagonism in poor littoral countries (Indonesia, Japan, Philippines, Vietnam) backed by the US.
- How international community has jeopardized international tranquility
3.1 Double standards of legitimate nuclear power countries. i.e; US gave free waiver to India by signing civil-nuclear deal in 2008.
3.2 Providing of civil-nuclear technology to deter their counterparts.i.e; Trade rivalries between Japan and China led Japan to provide civil-nuclear technology to India to deter China in 2016.
3.3 Backing of nuclear elite groups has posed threats to poor countries. i.e; US promised to provide NSG membership to India leaving behind Pakistan.
Nuclear weapons – can be a silver lining too
4.1 for boosting economy
4.1.1 Dual-use technology of nuclear arms provide civil-nuclear technologies to generate electricity by building nuclear reactors. i.e; KANUPP and CHASNUPP generate nuclear energy in Pakistan.
4.1.2 Safeguarding trade projects by deploying nuclear capable submarines on sea and oceans. i.e; String of pearls by China, nuclear capable Pakistan navy submarines to safeguard CPEC.
4.2 for ensuring healthy environment
4.2.1 Replacing of non-renewable energy sources with nuclear reactors as keeping the environment clean. i.e; Climatic impacts on earth (smog, hazel, pollution) would be lessened.
4.3 for creating deterrence
4.3.1 Enhancing nuclear capabilities to safeguard one’s sovereignty. i.e; Pakistan deters India, N. Korea deters S. Korea, Israel deters Arab countries.
4.3.2 Nuclear weapons to lessen foreign military interventions.
6.1 International communities need to cease their double standards to provide nuclear capable technologies to their allies.
6.2 Nuclear free world is a mirage as countries feel insecure of their neighboring counterparts.
6.3 Building of effective nuclear check institutions to keep an eye on both legitimate nuclear power countries (P5+1) and illegitimate nuclear power countries (India, Pakistan, Israel, N. Korea).
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