Abdul Malik had nominated his sons for the Caliphate, one after another. But Walid was thinking about nominating his son, for which he was supported by the likes of Hajjaj and Qutayba.
This was the reason why he relentlessly and mercilessly persecuted Hajjaj and his relatives.
Character and Policy
It is described as a mixture of contradictions: he was dissolute, cruel, and worthless but also generous and bluff. He was fond of pleasure and good cheer but also preferred justice and was willing to listen wise persons like Umar bin Abdul Aziz.
He himself indulged in impious acts but preferred to have pious individuals in his courts.
Immediately after Hajjaj’s murder, he opened the doors of prisons in Iraq. This liberated thousands of people. Whether this was due to his enmity or justice cannot be concluded.
He had sought to reverse any policy that his predecessor had put in place with Hajjaj.
Sulaiman and Yezid bin Muhallab
Hajjaj had dismissed Muhallab’s sons from their posts due their Yemeni leanings and had tortured them cruelly on the charges on embezzlement.
The eldest son, Yezid, had succeeded in fleeing to Palestine where Sulaiman was ruling.
Yezid now with Sulaiman had been filling his ears with bitter hate for Hajjaj. This and the fact that Hajjaj supported Walid’s nomination generated harsh and severe hatred in Sulaiman’s heart.
Hajjaj had died before Walid, but his generals and relatives were mercilessly persecuted, and their properties were confiscated.
This had an unimaginable consequences which Sulaiman never probably grappled with. This revived the Arabian tribal jealousies. Yezid was Yemeni and Hajjaj and Modharite.
This would go on to further deepen the crack between Modhar and Himyar tribes.
Yezid bin Muhallab was first posted as governor of Iraq but soon requested Sulaiman to post him as governor of Khurasan so that he could conquer lands that Qutayba couldn’t.
He, indeed, but not so much as he claimed.
On the other hand, Sulaiman tortured Musa’s sons who were ruling Spain. They had done nothing wrong. In fact, they were ruling the region very stably.
He was pursued by one Greek commander named Leo the Saurian to invade Constantinople but was left without any supervision when the commander deserted to Greek side, who presented throne to him.
He died in 717 leaving behind a negative impression and legacy. He had also thought about nominating his son but was pursued by few to nominate Umar bin Abdul Aziz. And this is the only good thing he did.
For complete Islamic history notes click here.