Yathrib at the time of Hijrah
As mentioned earlier, the Battle of Bu’ath had caused much destruction and discontent among the populace.
To rid Yathrib continuous warlike situation, the tribes decided to end their enmity and elect a chief with central authority.
At home, it was being decided that Abduallah bin Obay would be the leader. Whereas, there were other Arabs that were busy pledging in Makkah.
At the time of the Holy Prophet’s arrival, Yathrib was divided into two blocs: Ansar and Muhajireens / 2. Jews and supporters of Abdullah bin Obay.
It is pertinent to express here that Yathribis reached out to the Holy Prophet because they had their fear that Abdullah might not be impartial in future. Thus, they wanted some impartial, just, and upright.
The Muhajireens that arrived in Madinah were in state of poverty. They had to abandon all their wealth in Makkah which was seized by the Quraish.
The Ansars were in position to help. And they helped immensely without any question. There are many unbelievable, yet true, stories of their generosity.
This relationship showed how Islam connected people not on ethnicity, race, color, wealth, or area but by faith.
Over time, the Muhajireens became independent; they started trading.
The event also portrayed what an Ummah would look like. Madinah prospered because Ansars helped, if they hadn’t it is highly probable that state of Madinah would’ve been the same as it was before.