Sino-Russian partnership

Is Sino-Russian partnership a threat to the US?


The Sino-Russian partnership faced many crises in the years 1857-1860. Diplomatic relations between Russia and China improved after the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the establishment of the Russian Federation in 1991. With the…

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Pakistan and IMF

Pakistan and IMF: Solution to the Perennial Issue


CSS 2019 Question: Pakistan is going to the International Monetary Fund (IMF) for its bailout package to resolve its financial problems through prudent management. Discuss Pakistan’s external debt problems & domestic liabilities to stabilize the…

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Corruption Elimination Strategy

Corruption Elimination Strategy


CSS Current Affairs 2019 Question: How corruption elimination strategy can be made part of the governance system of Pakistan? Pakistan has combated corruption since its birth. Corruption has put a very far-reaching impact at the…

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Pakistan National Energy Policy 2013-2018

Pakistan National Energy Policy 2013-2018


CSS Current Affairs 2019 Question: Critical Review of Pakistan National Energy Policy 2013-2018 Energy Crisis is a significant bottleneck in the supply of energy resource to a national economy. Pakistan is facing multiple challenges for…

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CSS Current Affairs 2019 Paper Solved

CSS Current Affairs 2019 Paper Solved


Following are answers to all the CSS Current Affairs 2019 Paper Solved Questions: Q:1. Discuss instruments & techniques of ‘Hybrid’ warfare in context to Pakistan. Q:2. What could be the reasons for the emerging water…

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Hybrid Warfare in Context of Pakistan

Hybrid Warfare in Context of Pakistan


CSS Current Affairs 2019 Question: Discuss instruments & techniques of ‘Hybrid’ warfare in context to Pakistan. Hybrid or Indirect warfare is a military strategy that employs political warfare and combines conventional warfare and cyber warfare…

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Pakistan-Afghanistan Water Issue

Pakistan-Afghanistan Water Issue


CSS Current Affairs 2019 Question: What could be the reasons for the emerging water conflict between Pakistan & Afghanistan? Pak-Afghan relations have nonetheless been very complex. The entire spectrum of sharing a common history, a…

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Paris Agreement

Trump’s Withdrawal from Climate Change Paris Agreement


CSS Current Affairs 2019 Question: What are the Reasons & Impacts of Donald Trump’s withdrawal from Climate Change Paris Agreement 2015? Climate change is one of the biggest challenges facing the world today. It is…

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China's One Belt One Road (OBOR)

China’s One Belt One Road (OBOR) Initiative


CSS Current Affairs 2019 Question: What is China’s Strategic Vision behind ‘The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI)’, also known as ‘One Belt One Road’ (OBOR)? One Belt One Road (OBOR) also known as Silk Road…

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US-China Trade war

US-China Trade war


Current Affairs CSS-2019 Question: What are the motives of Donald Trump to impose high tariffs on China in the Trade-War between Sino-US rifts? Since 1949, US-China relations have evolved from tense standoffs to complex aggressive…

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