Globalization and Gender Inequality

Globalization and Gender Inequality

Gender Studies Question: Globalization and Gender Inequality. The process of globalization has connected nations worldwide and has made the world a global village, yet it has also increased inequalities across nations. Discuss the gendered inequalities created and promoted by the process of globalization in contemporary societies worldwide.


Globalization is a process of inter-linkage and incorporation among people, enterprises, and governments of different nations, an approach moved by the international trade and investment and advanced by information technology. It describes the ways countries interact and integrate. Globalization is generally understood as resulting in greater economic interdependence among countries through international trade, capital flows, and international products.

Globalization and Gender Inequality

Gender is the basic category of social organization and a major means by which social relations and inequality are structured; this concerns equally to international processes. Within the past two decades, globalization has had a huge impact on the lives of people, mainly women in the developing nations; it has contributed to widening inequality within and among the countries.

The process of globalization is often portrayed under two schools approaches linked to gender. One positive school states that globalization is in favor of gender inequality due to the trade openness, the opening of export-oriented industries and the ‘feminization of labor’ what results in better life prospects for women. Furthermore, globalization is also seen as reinforcing the subordination of women to low paid, low status and part-time jobs.

Economic Globalization and its Relationship towards Gender Inequality

Economic Globalization is defined by actual country flows and economic restrictions. In developing countries, the Economic Globalization, often forces unskilled women to agricultural sectors (the trend which is opposite in developed countries, where skilled women tend to be in non-agricultural sectors). Despite the removal of trade barriers and investment restrictions together with greater women access to jobs, economic globalization forced women to work in exploitive conditions and increased discrimination trends. The Arab countries have a high level of economic globalization do not achieve high gender inequality and do not provide equal opportunities for both men and women into the economic market entrance.

Socio-cultural Globalization and its Relationship towards Gender Inequality

The socio-cultural Globalization is the global spread of ideas and trends which due to the country’s cultural identification transmits ideas, beliefs, and values and incorporates them into contemporary societies. Poverty, illiteracy, and lack of social openness are linked to the low level of cultural globalization. It is also responsible for the negative social contracts in the society, such as violence against women, etc. Similarly, Arab countries with high globalization index, however, the negative social contracts which result in gender inequality remain to survive in those contemporary societies.


It is known that sustainable human development cannot be accomplished without gender equality, i.e; that gender equality not only is a development objective for equity reasons but also important for poverty eradication and human development reasons. It is also known that gender equality is economically efficient and enhances growth in long term. A national economy perspective should however not replace a women’s rights perspective, but rather complement it. It is important that the research on gender and globalization continues to develop and improve. Both sides of the coin must be developed into forming a rigorous research base on the gender dimensions of globalization.

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