Abbreviations: From Past Papers

Following are main abbreviations taken from past papers of Everyday Science in CSS and PCS:

1. LPG: Liquefied Petroleum Gas

2. TNT: Tri Nitro Toluene

3. RNA: Ribonucleic Acid

4. CNG: Compressed Natural Gas

5. ATP: Adenosine Tri Phosphate

6. RBC: Red Blood Cells/Corpuscles

7. ECG: Electro Cardio Gram

8. PVC: Poly vinyl Chloride

9. RAM: Random Access Memory

10. CFC: Chloro Fluoro Carbon

11. LASER: Light Amplification by Stimulated emission of Radiation

12. RADAR: Radio Detection And Ranging

13. AIDS: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

14. ROM: Read Only Memory

15. LAN: Local Area Network

16. WWW: World Wide Web

17. DNA: Deoxyribonucleic Acid

18. SONAR: Sound Navigation And Ranging

19. SARS: Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome

20. NTP: Network Time Protocol/ Normal Temperature and Pressure

21. RQ: Respiratory Quotient

22. NPN: Negative Positive Negative/

23. PNP: Purine Nucleoside Phosphorylase

24. WAN: Wide Area Network

25. CPU: Central Processing Unit

26. BCG: Bacillus Calmette Guerin

27. STP: Standard Temperature And Pressure/Shielded Twisted Pair/Sodium Tripolyphosphate/Spanning Tree Protocol

28. ATP: Adenosine Triphosphate

29. KWh: Kilo Watt Hour

30. BTU: British thermal Unit

31. LDL: Low Density Lipoprotein

32. MAF: Million Acre Feet

33. HDL: Hardware Description Language

34. MCV: Mean Corpuscular Volume

35. UHF: Ultra High Frequency

36. LED: Light emitting Diode

37. LCD: Liquid Crystal Display

38. BASIC: Beginner’s All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code

39. MASER: Microwave Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation

40. ETT: Educational Telecommunications and Technology/ European Transaction on Telecommunication

41. HST: High Speed Technology/ High Speed Train (in UK)/Hubble Space Telescope

42. DBS: Data Base Server/ Direct Broadcast Satellite

43. CRO: Cathode Ray Oscilloscope

44. BOT: Build, Operate and Transfer/Botulinum Toxin

45. AMU: Atomic Mass Unit

46. EMF: Electro Motive force

47. ADH: Anti-diuretic Hormone

48. GeV: Giga Electro Volt

49. CRT: Cathode Ray Tube

50. CNS: Central Nervous System

51. PTFE: Poly Tetra Fluoro Ethylene

52. GUT: Grand Unified Theory

53. LONAR: Long Range Navigation

54. MeV: Mega Electron Volt/ Million Electron Volt/ Multi-experiment Viewer

55. AWACS: Airborne Warning and Control System

56. CCTV: Closed-Circuit Television

More Abbreviations

A-E

1. ABM: Anti-Ballistic Missile

2. AC: Alternating Current/Air Conditioning

3. AEC: Atomic Energy Commission

4. Alt: Altitude

5. am: Ante Maridiem (Before Noon/Midday)

6. Amp: Ampere

7. APTEC: All Pakistan Technology Engineers Council

8. ATM: Automated Teller Machine (Banking)

9. AW: Atomic Weight/ Asia Watch

10. BIOS: Basic Input Output System

11. BDS: Bachelor Of Dental Surgery/ Bomb Disposal Squad

12. BP: Blood Pressure/ Boiling Point/ Blue Print

13. C/A: Current Account

14. CAA: Civil Aviation Authority

15. CABB: Centre Of Agricultural Biochemistry And Biotechnology

16. CAD: Computer-Aided Design

17. Cal: Calorie

18. CD: Compact Disc/ Civil Defence/ Community Development

19. CD-ROM: Compact Disc Read-Only Memory

20. CECP: Cotton Export Corporation Of Pakistan

21. CHASNUPP: Chashma Nuclear Power Plant

22. CMCC: China Mobile Communications Corporation

23. COM: Computer Aided Manufacturing

24. COMSAT: Communications Satellite Corporation

25. COMSTECH: Council Of Scientific And Technology Cooperation Of Islamic Conference

26. CSIRO: Commonwealth Scientific And Industrial Research Organisation

27. CTBT: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

28. CT-Scan: Computerised Axial Tomography Scanning

29. DVD: Dynamic Versatile Disc

30. ECAT: Engineering Colleges Admission Test

31. EDB: Engineering Development Board

32. EEG: Electroencephalogram

33. ENERCON: Energy Conservation Centre

34. EPA: Energy Protection Agency

35. EPD: Energy Protection Department

36. ESA: European Space Agency

37. ESRO: European Space Research Organisation

F-J

38. FAT: File Allocation Table

39. FCPS: Fellow Of The Royal College Of Physicians And Surgeons

40. FM: Frequency Modulation

41. FMCT: Fissile Material Cut-Off Treaty

42. FRCS: Fellow Of The Royal College Of Surgeons

43. GHz. Gigahertz

44. GMT: Greenwich Mean Time

45. HIV: Human Immune Deficiency Virus

46. HTML: Hypertext Mark-Up Language

47. HTTP: Hypertext Transfer Protocol

48. IAEA:International Atomic Energy Agency (UN)

49. IBM: International Business Machine

50. IC: Integrated Circuit/ Intelligence Corps

51. ICBM: Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile

52. ICU: Intensive Care Unit

53. IEA: International Energy Agency

54. INSTRAW: International Research And Training Institute For The Advancement Of Women

55. INTELSAC: International Telecommunications Satellite Consortium

56. Intelsat: International Telecommunications Satellite Organisation

57. IRBM: Intermediate Range ballistic Missile

58. ISP: Internet Service Provider

59. IT: Information Technology

60. ITB: Information Technology Board

61. JAXA: Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency

K-R

62. KANUPP: Karachi Nuclear Power Plant

63. KAPCO: Kot Adu Power Company

64. kHz: Kilohertz

65. KV: Kilo Volt

66. kW: Kilowatt

67. MCAT: Medical Colleges Admission Test

68. MDS: Master In Dental Surgery

69. MNP: Mobile Number Probability

70. MRBM: Medium Range Ballistic Missile

71. MRCP: Member Of Royal College Of Physicians

72. MRCS: Member Of Royal College Of Surgeons

73. MRI: Magnetic Resonance Imaging

74. MS: Medical Superintendent

75. MSN: Microsoft Network

76. MW: Megawatt

77. NADRA: National Database And Registration Authority

78. NEPRA: National Electric Power Regulatory Authority

79. NM: Nautical Mile

80. NMD: National Missile Defence

81. NPT: Non-Nuclear Proliferation Treaty

82. NRA: Nuclear Regulatory Authority

83. OGRA: Oil And Gas Regulatory Authority

84. NWD: Nation Wide Dialling

85. OGDC: Oil And Gas Development Corporation

86. pm: Post Meridiem

87. PEMRA: Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority

88. PTA: Pakistan Telecommunication Authority

89. RADAR: Radio Detection and Ranging

S-Z

90. SALT: Strategic Arms Limitation Talks

91. SLV: Satellite Launch Vehicle

92. SMS: Short Message Service

93. SNGPL: Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited

94. SONAR: Sound Navigation And Ranging

95. SSGPL: Sui Southern Gas Pipeline Limited

96. STD: Subscriber’s Trunk Dialling

97. STM: Subscriber Identification

98. SUPARCO: Space And Upper Atmosphere Research Committee (Pakistan)

99. TB: Tubercle Bacillus/ Tuberculosis

100. UHF: Ultra High Frequency

101. UNAEC: United Nations Atomic Energy Commission

102. UNESCO: United Nations Education, Scientific And Cultural Organisation

103. VCD: Video Compact Disc

104. VHF: Very High Frequency

105. WAN: Wide Area Network

106. WAP: Wireless Application Protocol

107. WAPDA: Water And Power Development Authority

108. WHO: World Health Organisation

109. WMD: Weapons Of Mass Destruction

110. WWF: World Wildlife Fund

111. ZETA: Zero Energy Thermo-Nuclear Assembly

112. ZPG: Zero Population Growth

For complete Everyday Science notes click here.

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